What is the role of insulin?

Insulin is produced by β-cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas primarily in response to glucose. Insulin has several roles: it stimulates glucose glucose uptake into the cells and enables glucose storage in muscle and liver in the form of glycogen; it...

What is a carbohydrate?

The body can utilise three forms of nutrient to produce energy, they are carbohydrate, fat and protein. Carbohydrates can consist of simple sugars such as glucose (found in manufactured food) or complex carbohydrates such as starches, fibre, etc (root vegetables)....